The Mara ecosystem spans around 3,000 sq km. All that space makes for some pretty awe-inspiring sunsets. This spectacular area is the site of the world’s greatest wildlife migration. Every year, almost two million wildebeest, zebra and gazelle travel from the Serengeti up to the Maasai Mara (and back again), feeding on the lush grass that springs up after seasonal rains.
The rich and fertile Mara river basin boasts some of the biggest wildlife populations in Africa and the Serengeti National Park is arguably the best-known wildlife sanctuary on the planet.
This is one of the most complex ecosystems on Earth. The Mara-Serengeti landscape has the highest concentration of large predators in the world, including the iconic African lion. Kenya is considered one of the top five bird-watching destinations in the world and well over a thousand species of our feathered friends call the country home.
There is no specific migration 'route' and the wildebeest move towards the greener grass, following each other's footprints and huge numbers willcross the Mara River in Tanzania and head north into the Maasai Mara National Reserve (In the Mara Triangle area) and from here they may turn right and cross back over the Mara into the other areas of the reserve.
For the famous river crossing (not to be mistake witht the migration) Wildebeest (also known as Gnus) and Zebras head north into the larget Maasai Mara area and across the shallow Sands and Mara Rivers, The herds swim far into the north where they spread out across the conservancies and they cross and re-cross the rivers, drawn by fresh pasture and driven by herd instinct and the threat of predators, especially to young and weaker animals.
There are various Mara conservancies that have evolved independently, though each operate a similar model: leasing land from the Maasai landowners, investing tourist revenues back into the communities and ecosystems, and creating successful tourism products. The conservancy model of conservation was adopted in Kenya’s wildlife protection areas in order to create co-existence between wildlife and livestock of communities living near tourism attractions.